There are various types of joints in water retaining structures during construction. Sealing materials for joints in these structures are discussed. There are three types of joints in concrete construction, viz. construction joint, expansion joint and contraction joints. Learn more about Joints in Concrete Structures.
Materials for Sealing Joints in Water Retaining Structures
(1) Materials for joints in water retaining structures and water tight structures for sewage and effluent treatment shall be resistant to aerobic and anaerobic microbiological attack and resistant to attack by petrol, diesel oil, dilute acids and alkalis. (2) Materials for joints in water retaining structures for potable and fresh water shall comply with the requirements of BS 6920.
Joint filler shall be firm, compressible, single-thickness, non-rotting filler. Joint filler for joints in water retaining structures and watertight structures shall be non-absorbent.
Bitumen emulsion for joints in water retaining structures and watertight structures shall comply with BS 3416. Bitumen emulsion for surfaces against which potable or fresh water will be stored or conveyed shall comply with BS 3416, type II.
(1) Joint sealant shall be a grade suited to the climatic conditions of Hong Kong and shall perform effectively over a temperature range of 0°C to 60°C. Joint sealant for exposed joints shall be grey. (2) Joint sealant other than cold-applied bitumen rubber sealant shall be: (a) A gun grade for horizontal joints 15 mm wide or less and for vertical and inclined joints, (b) A pouring grade for horizontal joints wider than 15 mm. (3) Polysulphide-based sealant shall be a cold-applied two-part sealant complying with BS 4254. Polysulphide-based sealant for expansion joints in water retaining structures and watertight structures shall have a transverse butt-joint movement range of at least 20%. (4) Polyurethane-based sealant shall be a cold-applied two-part sealant complying with the performance requirements of BS 4254. (5) Hot-applied bitumen rubber sealant shall comply with BS 2499, type N1. (6) Cold-applied bitumen rubber sealant shall be of a proprietary type. (7) Joint sealant for joints in water retaining structures and water tight structures shall be as stated in Table-1. (8) Primers and caulking material for use with joint sealant shall be of a proprietary type recommended by the joint sealant manufacturer. (9) Different types of joint sealant and primers that will be in contact shall be compatible.
Table-1: Joint sealant for water retaining structures and water tight structures